European Exploration and Settlement One of the first European explorers in the region, Jean-Baptiste Bénard de La Harpe, observed geological changes at the water's edge in 1722.On April 9, he made note of "rocks sticking out of the ground," referencing the first rock up the river, but he did not name it.In the midst of the chaos, the Arkansas territorial capital was scheduled to move to Little Rock on June 1, 1821.
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Recreation consists mainly of college sports, a few minor league teams and nearby watersports.
For a capital city, incomes are relatively high especially in relation to the low cost of living.
Winters are mild, but outbreaks of cold air are common.
Precipitation is fairly well distributed throughout the year with the majority arriving in summer as thunderstorms.
Gas lighting came to Little Rock in 1860, followed by the telegraph in 1861, just in time to report the early battles of the Civil War.
Arkansas reacted to the news and seceded from the Union on May 6, 1861.
In the meantime, Arkansas was admitted to the Union as a slave state on June 15, 1836.
Free schools for white boys and girls started in Little Rock in the 1853.
The Quapaw, members of a group of Dhegiha-Siouan-speaking tribes which also includes the Osage, resided in southeast Arkansas in the late seventeenth century and continued to live primarily along the Arkansas River until they were forced to leave in 1824.
(Their designation as “Arkansea,” or“people of the south,” by Illinois tribes led to the name of the river and, ultimately,of the state.) Although no settlement or trading post is known to have existed precisely at “the little rock,” a community of mixed Quapaw-French families did live nearby from about 1790 to 1820, resulting in the designation of one of Little Rock’s oldest neighborhoods as the Quapaw Quarter.
Hilly residential areas west of the city rise to 600 feet.