This makes texting a quick and easy way to communicate with friends and colleagues, including in contexts where a call would be impolite or inappropriate (e.g., calling very late at night or when one knows the other person is busy with family or work activities).
Like e-mail and voice mail, and unlike calls (in which the caller hopes to speak directly with the recipient), texting does not require the caller and recipient to both be free at the same moment; this permits communication even between busy individuals.
Text messages may be sent over a cellular network, or may also be sent via an Internet connection.
The term originally referred to messages sent using the Short Message Service (SMS).
Text messages can also be used to interact with automated systems, for example, to order products or services from e-commerce websites, or to participate in online contests.
Advertisers and service providers use direct text marketing to send messages to mobile users about promotions, payment due dates, and other notifications instead of using postal mail, email, or voicemail.
The possibility of doing something is one thing, implementing it another, but systems existed from 1988 that sent SMS messages to mobile phones usually messaging from one mobile phone to another mobile phone.
Radiolinja became the first network to offer a commercial person-to-person SMS text messaging service in 1994.Friedhelm Hillebrand conceptualised SMS in 1984 while working for Deutsche Telekom.Sitting at a typewriter at home, Hillebrand typed out random sentences and counted every letter, number, punctuation, and space.The service is referred to by different colloquialisms depending on the region.It may simply be referred to as a "text" in North America, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines, an "SMS" in most of mainland Europe, or an "MMS" or "SMS" in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia.It has grown beyond alphanumeric text to include multimedia messages (known as MMS) containing digital images, videos, and sound content, as well as ideograms known as emoji (happy faces ,sad faces ,and other icons).