And there is also the Via Maris, "Way of the Sea," which runs from Egypt along the Mediterranean coast then through Israel and on to Syria.) Logically, the capital of Israel should have been on the Mediterranean Sea.
Ideally a place like Jaffa (next to today's Tel Aviv) would have made the most sense. The reason why Jerusalem has to do with a very unique aspect of the Jewish people, and why the children of Israel became a nation in the first place.
This hill is Mount Moriah and what it may lack in physical size, it more than compensates for spiritual greatness.(2) From the earliest period of Jewish history, the Patriarchs of the Jewish people recognized the tremendous spiritual power of Mount Moriah.
This is where Abraham, sensing God's presence, went up to offer Isaac as a sacrifice and later remarked as the Bible records: No wonder this is a spot that every major conqueror in all of human history has wanted to own.
Thus David is able to subdue, at long last, the Philistine threat and to conquer the remaining Canaanite city-state ― Jerusalem ― that the Israelites have thus far not been able to conquer.
(For the 440 years since the Jewish people first entered the Land of Israel until the time of King David, Jerusalem has remained an unconquered non-Jewish city in the heart of a Jewish country.
After David makes Jerusalem his capital, he buys the upper part of the hill above the northern boundary of the city from its owner Aravnah, the Jebusite.
The purchase is recorded in the Bible in two places (2 Samuel and 1 Chronicles ).The Jews became a nation there, when they made a covenant with God, promising "we will do and we will hear." The nationhood of Israel is defined, first and foremost, by its communal relationship with God and by the Jewish people's historic mission.And it turns out that there is no better place to relate to God than Jerusalem.When David takes the throne, Egypt and Assyria are both on a significant decline.They're not in any position to expand, which leaves a vacuum in the middle where Israel is located, and Israel is allowed to expand unmolested by these other great empires.(Psalm 27) I lift my eyes to the mountains ― from where will my help come?