Mestureh Ardalan (1805–1848) was a Kurdish poet and writer. European travelers sometimes noted the absence of veil, free association with males (such as strangers and guests), and female rulers.Vladimir Minorsky has reported several cases of Kurdish women running the affairs of their tribes.In its program, it calls itself a "women’s party" and promises a women’s ministry to address gendercide and institutional gender discrimination.
He met one of these female chiefs named Lady Adela in the region of Halabja in 1913.
She was known for saving lives of many British army officers during World War I and was awarded the title of Khan-Bahadur by the British commander.
In 1597 (16th century), Sharaf ad-Din Bitlisi's wrote a book named Sharafnama, makes references to the women of the ruling landowning class, and their exclusion from public life and the exercise of state power, wrote that the Kurds of Ottoman Empire, who follow Islamic tradition, took four wives and, if they could afford it, four maids or slave girls.
This regime of polygyny was, however, practiced by a minority, which included primarily the members of the ruling landowning class, the nobility, and the religious establishment.
However, despite the progress, Kurdish and international women's rights organizations still report problems related to gender equality, forced marriages, honor killings and in Iraqi Kurdistan also female genital mutilation (FGM).
Knowledge about the early history of Kurdish women is limited by both the dearth of records and the near absence of research.
He noted that the majority of marriages were monogamous and Kurdish did not veil and they participated in social activities such as work, dancing and singing together with men.
When the tribe was attacked, women took part in war alongside men.
They flee a conservative society where domestic violence is common and there is little opportunity for women. They study Kurdish history and Ocalan, as well as the Marxist theories at the root of the PKK, and consider fighting as much an intellectual exercise as a physical one.