is a third order within the Franciscan movement of the Catholic Church.
Because of the prohibition of bearing arms, the followers of this rule came into conflict with local authorities, which customarily required men to carry arms for service in militias.
In the 13th century, there were Third Order Confraternities with local variations.
Notable members include Louis IX of France, Ferdinand III of Castile, Elizabeth of Portugal, Rose of Viterbo, and Margaret of Cortona among others. Francis was established by the Friars Minor Recollects at Quebec in 1671, and some years later at Three Rivers and Montreal. Noted naturalist L'Abbé Léon Abel Provancher was particularly active.
After the cession of Canada to England in 1763 following the French defeat in the Seven Years' War, the Third Order, deprived of its directors, seemed to have gradually disappeared. In 1866, he established a fraternity in his parish at Portneuf Quebec, and promoted the Third Order by his writings.
This rule contained originally twelve chapters; a thirteenth was added under Pope Gregory IX (1227).
Among other things, it prescribes simplicity in dress, considerable fasting and abstinence, and the canonical office or other prayers instead.The admission to the Order of members from all stations in life on an equal basis helped to promote social change and equality of opportunity in a period of rigid social stratification.Clement VII in 1526 and Pope Paul III in 1547 mitigated the rule on fasts and abstinence, but the Rule as given by Nicholas IV (ca. In 1883, Pope Leo XIII, himself a tertiary, through the Apostolic Constitution Misericors Dei Filius, modified the text, adapting it more to the modern state and needs of the society, although the substantial points remained.The preponderance of opinion is for Florence, chiefly on the authority of Mariano of Florence, or Faenza, who cites the first papal bull known on the subject(Regesta pontificum).The less authoritative Fioretti assigns Cannara, a small town two hours' walk from the Portiuncula, as the birthplace of the Third Order.Members of the Order gather in ecclesiastical communities which are called fraternities.